Term of office

Terms of office by countryEdit

Heads of state
 
Upper houses
 
Lower houses
 
Legend
Not applicable Varies Until removed
<3 Template:Nbsp3Template:Nbsp Template:Nbsp4Template:Nbsp Template:Nbsp5Template:Nbsp Template:Nbsp6Template:Nbsp Template:Nbsp7Template:Nbsp >7

Numbers in years unless stated otherwise. Note that some countries where fixed-term elections are uncommon, the legislature is almost always dissolved earlier than its expiry date. "Until removed from office" refers to offices that don't have fixed terms; in these cases, the officeholder(s) may serve indefinitely until death, abdication, resignation, retirement, or forcible removal from office (such as impeachment).

In most cases where the head of government is a different person from the head of state, its term of office is identical to the chamber that elected it (the legislature if it is unicameral, or most usually the lower house if it is bicameral), unless it doesn't survive a vote of no confidence.

Country Head of state Members of the upper house[lower-alpha 1] Members of the lower house
Template:Country data AFG 5 3, 4 and 5 5
Template:Country data ALB 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ALG 5 6 5
Template:Country data AND 5 (President of France)
Until removed from office (Bishop of Urgel)
Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ANG 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data ATG Until removed from office 5 5
  Argentina 4 6 4
Template:Country data ARM 5 Template:N/A 5
  Australia Until removed from office 6 3
Template:Country data AUT 6 4 to 6 5
Template:Country data AZE 7 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data BAH Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data BHR Until removed from office 4 4
Template:Country data BAN 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data BAR Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data BLR 5 4 4
Template:Country data BEL Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data BEN 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data BHU Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data BOL 5 5 5
Template:Country data BIH 4[lower-alpha 2] 4 4
Template:Country data BOT 5 Template:N/A 5
  Brazil 4 8 4
Template:Country data BUL 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data BUR 5 6 5
Template:Country data BDI 7 5 5
Template:Country data BRU Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data CAM Until removed from office 6 5
  Cameroon 7 5 5
  Canada Until removed from office Until removed from office 5
Template:Country data CPV 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data CAF 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data CHA 5 Template:N/A 4
  Chile 4 8 4
  China 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data ROC 4 Template:N/A 4
  Colombia 4 4 4
Template:Country data CGO 5 6 5
Template:Country data COM 5 Template:N/A 5
  Ivory Coast 5 5 5
Template:Country data CRI 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data CRO 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data CUB 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data CYP 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data CZE 5 6 4
Template:Country data DRC 5 5 4
Template:Country data DEN Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data DJI 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data DMA 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data DOM 4 4 4
Template:Country data ECU 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data EGY 6 5 5
Template:Country data SLV 5 Template:N/A 3
Template:Country data GNQ 7 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data EST 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ETH 6 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data FIJ Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data FIN 6 Template:N/A 4
  France 5 6 5
Template:Country data GAB 7 6 5
Template:Country data GAM 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data GEO 5 Template:N/A 4
  Germany 5 4 to 5 4
Template:Country data GHA 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data GRE Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data GRD Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data GUA 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data GIN 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data GNB 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data GUY 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data HAI 5 6 4
Template:Country data HON 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data HUN 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ISL 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data IND 5 6 5
Template:Country data INA 5 5 5
Template:Country data IRN 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data IRQ 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data IRE 7 5 5
Template:Country data ISR 7 Template:N/A 4
  Italy[lower-alpha 3] 7 5 5
Template:Country data JAM Until removed from office 5 5
  Japan Until removed from office 6 4
Template:Country data JOR Until removed from office 4 4
Template:Country data KAZ 5 6 5
Template:Country data KEN 5 5 5
Template:Country data KIR 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data KUW Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data KGZ 6 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data LAO 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data LAT 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data LIB 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data LES Until removed from office 5 5
Template:Country data LBR 6 9 6
Template:Country data LIE Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data LTU 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data LUX Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MKD 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data MAD 5 4 4
Template:Country data MWI 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MAS Until removed from office 3 5
Template:Country data MDV 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MLI 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MLT 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MHL 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data MRT 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MUS 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MEX 6 6 3
Template:Country data FSM 4 4 2
Template:Country data MON Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MGL 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data MDA 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data MNE 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data MAR Until removed from office 6 5
Template:Country data MOZ 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data MYA 5 5 5
Template:Country data NAM 5 6 5
Template:Country data NRU 3 Template:N/A 3
Template:Country data NEP 5 6 5
Template:Country data NED Until removed from office 4 4
Template:Country data NZL Until removed from office Template:N/A 3
Template:Country data NIC Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data NGR 4 4 4
Template:Country data NIG 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data PRK 5 Template:N/A 5
  Norway Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data OMA Until removed from office 4 4
Template:Country data PAK 5 6 5
Template:Country data PLW 4 4 4
Template:Country data PLE 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data PAN 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data PNG Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data PAR 5 5* 5
Template:Country data PER 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data PHI 6 6 3
Template:Country data POL 5 4 4
Template:Country data POR 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data QAT Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ROM 5 4 4
Template:Country data RUS 6 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data RWA 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data KNA Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data LCA Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data VCT Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data WSM Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SMR 0.5 (6 months) Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data STP 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SAU Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SEN 5 5 5
Template:Country data SRB 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SYC 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SLE 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SIN 6 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SVK 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SLO 5 5 4
Template:Country data SLB Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SOM 4 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ZAF 5 5 5
Template:Country data ROK 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data South Sudan 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data ESP Until removed from office 4 4
Template:Country data LKA 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SUD 5 5 5
Template:Country data SUR 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data SWZ Until removed from office 5 5
  Sweden Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data SUI 4[lower-alpha 4] 4 4
Template:Country data SYR 7 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data TJK 7 5 5
Template:Country data TZA 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data THA Until removed from office 6 4
Template:Country data TLS 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TGO 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TGA Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TTO 5 5 5
Template:Country data TUN 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TUR 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TKM 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data TUV Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data UGA 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data UKR 5 Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data UAE Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
  United Kingdom Until removed from office Until removed from office 5
  United States 4 6 2
Template:Country data URU 5 5 5
Template:Country data UZB 5 5 5
Template:Country data VAN Until removed from office Template:N/A 4
Template:Country data Vatican City Until removed from office Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data VEN 6 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data VIE 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data YEM 7 Template:N/A 6
  Zambia 5 Template:N/A 5
Template:Country data ZIM 5 5 5


Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "lower-alpha", but no corresponding <references group="lower-alpha"/> tag was found

  1. Buonomo, Giampiero (2003). "Norme regionali annullate, ma sulla "prorogatio" del Consiglio passa il federalismo". Diritto&Giustizia edizione online. Template:Subscription required