Chivomerezi cha 2021 ku Balochistan

Chivomezi chinagunda chigawo cha Balochistan ku Pakistan pafupi ndi mzinda wa Harnai pa 7 Okutobala 2021. Chivomerezi champhamvu kwambiri cha 5.9 Mwb chinawomba m'mawa kwambiri pa 03:31 nthawi yakomweko, ndikupha anthu osachepera 24 ndikuvulaza 300.[1] Chivomerezicho chidachitika tsiku limodzi chikumbutso cha chivomerezi cha Kashmir mu 2005.[2][3]

Kukhazikitsa kwamatsengaEdit

Pakistan imakhudzidwa mwachindunji ndi mgwirizano womwe ulipo pakati pa Indian Plate ndi Eurasian Plate. M'mphepete chakumpoto kwa malire osinthika a India-Eurasia pali Main Himalayan Thrust yomwe imagwirizira kugunda kwakumpoto chakumwera. Kulakwitsa kudera lachihindu la Kush ndi Himalaya ndichotsatira chachindunji cha kulumikizana kwa mbale. M'dera la Balochistan, kulumikizana kuli kovuta kwambiri, kukhudza Chaman Fault yayikulu; dongosolo lakumenyera kumanzere. Ngakhale gawo lalikulu lamalire limakhala ndi zolakwitsa, chigawochi chimakhalanso ndi khola la Sulaiman. Kukankha ndi kupinda kwakukulu kwachitika mkati mwa miyala ya ~ 10-km-thick sedimentary yomwe ili pamwamba pa malire a India-Eurasia; chojambula chapafupi, chopindika chakumpoto. Chivomerezi cha Kashmir cha 2005 chinachitika pafupi ndi Main Himalayan Thrust. Chivomerezi chaposachedwa kwambiri komanso chokulirapo cha 7.7 mu 2013 ku Balochistan chidachitika chifukwa choloza oblique pamalire am'mbali kwambiri. Chivomerezichi chinapha anthu osachepera 800 ndipo chinawononga kwambiri chigawochi. Pafupi ndi derali panali chivomerezi cha Mwc 7.1 mu 1997 chomwe chidakantha kumwera chakum'mawa, ndikupha anthu osachepera 60. Chivomerezichi chinalinso ndi mphamvu koma chinachitika mwangozi.

ChivomereziEdit

Malinga ndi US Geological Survey, chivomerezicho chidachitika panthawi yophulika kwamphamvu yomwe ili gawo la khola ndi lamba pansi pa Sulaiman Mountains ndi Central Brāhui Range. Anatsatiridwa ndi kugwedeza kwakukulu kwa 4.6 pambuyo pake. Chinali chivomerezi chachikulu kwambiri ku Pakistan kuyambira pomwe kunagwedezeka kwakukulu mu 2013 kudachitika chapafupi. Chivomerezichi chidakonzedwanso kuchokera pakuyerekeza koyamba kwa 5.7 pa 20.8 km kuya kufika 5.9 pa 9.0 km. GFZ Germany Research Center for Geosciences idayika zivomezi zazikulu pa Mw 5.8 pakuya kwamakilomita 10 ndi yankho lakanthawi kochepa lomwe likuwonetsa kulakwitsa.

ZotsatiraEdit

Pofika m'mawa kwambiri nthawi ya 03:00 nthawi yakomweko, chivomerezichi chinagwetsa nyumba zambiri pomwe anthu anali atagona. Malinga ndi a Provincial Disaster Management Authority (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) (PDMA), kuwonongeka kwakukulu kudanenedwa mdera la Harnai ndi Shahrag, komwe nyumba zopitilira matope zoposa 100 zidawonongedwa. Zowonongekazo zidanenedwa m'mizinda ya Sibi ndi Quetta. Nduna Yowona Zachigawo Mir Ziaullah Langau adati kugumuka kwa nthaka kwatseka misewu yopita kudera lomwe lakhudzidwa, ndikusokoneza ntchito zopulumutsa ndi kukonzanso. Nyumba zambiri mdera lomwe lakhudzidwa ndizomangidwa ndi matope ndi miyala, zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala osavuta kugwa kapena kuwonongeka kwakukulu ndi zivomerezi. Wachiwiri kwa Commissioner ku Boma la Balochistan, Suhail Anwar Hashmi adati anthu ambiri omwe amwalira chifukwa cha kugwa kwa denga ndi khoma.

OsaukaEdit

Anthu osachepera 24 amwalira, makamaka azimayi ndi ana. Anthu ambiri omwe sanatchulidwepo anaikidwa m'manda pansi pa zinyumba za nyumba zomwe zinagwetsedwa ndikupulumutsidwa ndi opulumuka. Pafupifupi anthu 300 adavulala, ndipo zipatala zambiri ku Balochistan zidadzazidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa odwala. Anthu khumi ovulala, makamaka amuna ndi akulu adatengedwa pa ndege kupita ku Quetta.

Madzulo tsiku lomwelo la zochitikazo, mwambo wamaliro unachitikira anthu omwe adamwalira. Chipatala chachigawo ku Harnai chinalandira mitembo 15 ndi ana ambiri ovulala kwambiri. Odwala ambiri amathandizidwa kunja kwa nyumba ya chipatala chifukwa chokwera kwambiri. Anthu anayi anafa anali ogwira ntchito m'migodi ya malasha pamene mgodi wawo unagwa. Ogwira ntchito malasha ambiri ku Balochistan nawonso akuti akusowa, mwina atsekeredwa. Nthawi ina, mayi ndi ana ake awiri anaphedwa atagona nyumba yawo itagwa. Mtsikana wina, wazaka zisanu ndi zitatu, adapezeka atatsala pang'ono kufa. Ana asanu ndi mmodzi anali pakati pa akufa, kuphatikiza khanda la chaka chimodzi..[4][5]

YankhoEdit

Kutsatira chivomerezichi, asitikali ankhondo a Pakistan adatumizidwa ku Harnai kuti akathandize pothandiza ndi kuthandiza. Osachepera asanu ndi anayi ovulala omwe amafunikira chithandizo chamankhwala adanyamulidwa kudzera ma helikopita kuchokera kudera lomwe lakhudzidwa kupita ku Quetta. Bungwe la Inter-Services Public Relations, gulu lankhondo, ogwira ntchito zachipatala, ogwira ntchito poyankha, komanso akuluakulu akugwira ntchito limodzi kuti athandize pantchito zopulumutsa ndi zothandiza. Gulu lofufuza ndi kupulumutsa anthu ku Rawalpindi lidatumizidwa ku Harnai kukapeza opulumuka pakati pa ngoziyi.

Akuluakulu aboma ku Balochistan adalengeza kuti ndalama zokwana 200,000 rupee zaku Pakistani (pafupifupi madola 1,170 aku US) zipatsidwa ndalama kubanja la munthu aliyense womwalirayo. Sania Nishtar, sing'anga waku Pakistani, amayenera kupita kudera lomwe lakhudzidwa ndi malangizo a Prime Minister waku Pakistan, komwe amakakumana ndi omwe akhudzidwa ndi mavuto awo.[6]

ZolembaEdit

  1. "ایک اور زلزلہ: ٹھوس فیصلے ناگزیر" [Another earthquake: concrete decisions inevitable] (in Urdu). Dunya News. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  2. "At least 20 killed as 5.9-magnitude earthquake rocks parts of Balochistan". Dawn. 7 October 2021.
  3. "Balochistan: A severe earthquake in Harnai area, 18 people killed" (in Urdu). BBC Urdu. 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  4. "22 killed, over 300 injured in earthquake in Pakistan's Balochistan province" (in English). Karachi, Pakistan. The Times of India. 7 October 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
  5. "ہرنائی زلزلہ، ایک سالہ بچے کی لاش نکالتے غمزدہ باپ بے ہوش" [Harnai earthquake, sad father faints while removing body of one year old child]. Daily Jang. Agence France Presse. 8 October 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  6. "On the directive of the Prime Minister, Dr Sania Nishtar will pay an emergency visit to Harnai district of Balochistan on Saturday". 8 October 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.